Hunger Rates in Oregon and Other States

Contact: Patti Whitney-Wise

Executive Director

Email, (503) 595-5501, Ext. 302

State Hunger Rates

The USDA publishes a report of "low food security" and "very low food security" each year, averaging data from the past three years to give an estimate of the number of households experiencing hunger.

2014 Report - 15% of Oregon households are food insecure

2013 Report - Oregon's rate remains high as economy slowly recovers

2012 Report - Latest USDA report shows slight improvement

  • Oregon's hunger rate is high, but begins to budge. Read our press release (PDF)
2011 Report - USDA report shows continuing crisis
  • How many people are hungry in Oregon? Read our press release (PDF)
2010 Report - USDA Food Security Report
  • Oregon among top 5 hungriest states. Read our press release (PDF)
2009 Report - USDA Food Security Report
  • Oregon ranks second hungriest in the nation. Read our press release (PDF)
2008 Report - USDA Food Security Report
  • Oregon ranks third hungriest in the nation. Read our press release (PDF)

What is Food Insecurity?

The USDA uses several definitions to describe people at risk of hunger. Some of the most frequently used are:

Food Insecurity With Hunger

  • Very Low Food Security: Reports of multiple indications of disrupted eating patterns and reduced food intake. People reported they ate less, skipped meals and sometimes went without food for entire days.

Food Insecurity Without Hunger

  • Low Food Security: Reports of reduced quality, variety, or desirability of diet. People reported they lacked consistent access to adequate amounts of nutritious foods. Many food insecure people cope by eating "filler foods," i.e., foods that fill the stomach but do not provide adequate nutrition for a healthy, active life.

Food Security

  • Marginal Food Security: One or two reported indications—typically of anxiety over food sufficiency or shortage of food in the house. Little or no indication of changes in diets or food intake.
  • High Food Security: No reported indications of food-access problems or limitations.

Food Program Usage By County

County Fact Sheets